By Priyal Maheshwari
Virtual Reality is no longer a “futuristic” technology, in fact, it has been in use for almost a decade now. VR, in simple terms, is a simulated experience that creates a fictional world around the user. Augmented Reality (AR) by contrast allows one to see different digital elements in our existing world. The first major hit of VR used along with AR was the game PokemonGO. It used VR/AR technology to give their users a virtual experience (VR) where they could catch Pokemon in real world locations (AR). Many companies have similarly started to incorporate VR into their applications. Especially, retail and ecommerce companies have begun to integrate VR into their shopping experience, making the consumer journey even more immersive and memorable.
As VR and AR continue to grow, they provide retail and ecommerce businesses with opportunities to optimize their consumer’s customer journey. When buying products online, consumers often find it hard to understand the physical features of the product. This is where VR/AR technology comes in handy. These technologies can give the consumers a visual experience of their purchase. In 2016, Ikea launched Ikea’s Place – an AR experience that allowed users to view Ikea’s furniture in their homes using their phone cameras. As a late entrant into the ecommerce market, Ikea was already playing catch-up. By launching an immersive and user friendly online experience, Ikea allowed users to go from blindly buying furniture online to having confidence in the product and their decision after “seeing it” in their homes. The benefit of this change to the customer experiences paid handsome dividends. In 2017 alone, Ikea’s app exceeded two million downloads and their website had 2.3 billion visitors.
Warby Parker, a luxury eyewear company that started off with a pure ecommerce model, differentiated themselves from their competitors by using VR/AR technology. Their strategy was simple — by using AR technology, they allowed consumers to “try-on” glasses before buying them. Similar to Ikea, Warby Parker wanted to bridge the information asymmetry in online retail. NYU Stern’s Professor Jared Watson, who teaches Consumer Behavior, shared his insights on the topic: “I think that’s [VR/AR] one of their [Warby Parker] core competencies, that they are a technology first company.” When talking about how AR/VR is helping these companies improve the adoption of e-commerce offerings, Professor Watson remarked, “It’s the risk of buying stuff online – these technologies are helping to negate that risk. For example, ZARA is changing how we engage with clothing.” ZARA’s new VR experience allows consumers to use the ZARA app to hold up their phone to designated shop windows or sensors within a ZARA store – allowing them to see models wearing a selection of outfits in 6–12 second clips. This makes the consumers’ decision process easier, as they no longer need to use fitting-rooms to gauge a product.
The main drawback, however, is that such technology can lead to false expectations and dissatisfied consumers. As Professor Watson noted, “As we are talking about the clothing perspective, there’s a lot of subjectivity that goes into our valuation of how things are. It wouldn’t be hard for the software to utilize a special filter to make us look better. We can look into the technology and think that that cloth looks amazing on me but then we go back home and think otherwise.” If it is just used to trick consumers into buying products by making their surroundings look “better” or their faces “prettier,” with the help of filters, it might lead to consumer pushback and a weakening of a given brand’s image.
That being said, there is significant demand for VR/AR. A consumer research study conducted by product visualization service Marxent suggests that 68% of consumers spent more time with a product if it had AR, and 72% of consumers bought a product which they weren’t planning on buying because of AR. These statistics suggest that consumers are willing to try out new digital experiences and to retain customer loyalty, retailers may need to start incorporating such technologies. Furthermore, as the use of VR and AR grows in this market, their demand in businesses that feature products traditionally bought in-person, are likely to go up. These advances can in turn provide consumers with a more holistic shopping experience.